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托福考试词汇向导( 之二)


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Unit 6

blush v.害羞;脸红 [ME<OE blyscan]

bluster v.狂吹;咆哮 [16th c.: ult. imit.]

bode v.预示 [OE bodian<boda messenger送信的人,信差,报信者]

bog n.沼泽;泥塘

boggle v.n.惊跳;畏缩不前 [prob<dial boggle BOGEY(高尔夫)以高于标准杆数(par)一杆入<洞> BOGY 似沼泽的;多沼泽的 BOG] [湿地,沼泽 陷于泥淖;变得动弹不得]

bogus a.假的;伪造的 [19th-c. US word]

boisterous a.喧闹的 [var of ME boistous]

bolster v.支持;援助;垫木 [20th c.: orig. uncert.]

bolt n.闩门;螺钉脱党 [ME<OF bulter, bulete]

bombardment n.炮击 [bombard 炮轰;轰炸 The artillery ~ed the enemy all day 炮兵终日炮轰敌人;质问 med.L bombarda a] [stone-throwing engine: BOMB]

bombastic a.夸大的 [earlier bombace cotton wool<F<medL bombax -acis alt<bombyx; bombast大话;夸大的]

bonanza n.富矿带;幸运物;幸运 [orig US<Sp, = fair weather,<L bonus good]

bondage n.奴役;囚禁 [ME<AL bondagium: infl by BOND 束缚;连结物;盟约;联盟]

bonfire n.(庆祝或信号)大沟火;火 [earlier bonefire <BONE (bones being the chief material formerly used) + FIRE]

bonnet n.妇女帽;共谋者 [ME<OF bonet short for chapel de bonet cap of some kind of material(medL bonetus)]

bonny a.美丽的;健康的 [16th c: perh<F bon good =bonnie]

bonus n.奖金;分红;退还款项 [L bonus, bonum good (thing)]

boom v.n.响声;忽然兴隆;宣传 [Du., = BEAM n.]

booming a.景气的;受欢迎的;隆隆响 [~ toy sales 日趋兴隆的玩具销售]

boon n.恩惠;愉快的;温和的 [ME (orig. = jolly, congenial) <OF bon <L bonus good]

boor n.农民;乡下人;粗野的人 [LG bur or Du boer farmer: cf BOWER =Boer boorish粗野的]

boost v.推动 [booster 援助者;升压机;推进器]

booth n.摊棚;电话亭 [ME<Scand.]

bootless a.无用的 [OE botleas(BOOT, LESS)BOOT(<OE "利益")to boot 另外,加之,而且 (常~s) 长靴,长统鞋,半长 靴],[高腰鞋 5(the ~)(俚)解雇,革职,开革]

booze v.酒宴;饮酒 [earlier bouse, bowse,<MDu busen drink to excess]

bore v.n.钻孔;使厌;无聊的人 [ME, perh<ON b a wave]

boreal a.北的;北风的 [ME <F boreal or LL borealis <L Boreas <Gk Boreas god of the north wind]

boredom n.无聊;令人厌烦的事物

bosom n.胸;怀中;爱情;拥抱 [OE bosm<Gmc]

botany n.植物学(书) [botanic<F botanique or LL botanicus<Gk botanikos<botane plant botanical植物的;植物学的]

botch v.拙笨地修补;糟蹋 [botcher 扭劣的工匠;笨手笨脚的人]

bouillon n.肉汤;牛肉汤 [F<bouillir to boil]

boulder n.圆石头;玉石 [short for boulderstone, ME<Scand]

boulevard n.林荫大道

boundary n.界限,范围 [dial. bounder<BOUND + -ER perh. after limitary]

bounteous a.慷慨的;宽大的 [ME<OF bontif<bonte BOUNTY after plenteous(诗)= plentiful]

bountiful a.大方的 [ME<OF bontif<bonte BOUNTY(<L."好东西")慷慨,好施,博爱,仁爱,宽大 after plenteous BOUNTY+] [FUL bounteous慷慨的,宽大的]

bounty n.慷慨,宽大;赠与 [f. L bonitas -tatis<bonus good]

bouquet n.花束;香味;(酒等)芳香 [F<dial var of OF bos, bois wood]

bourgeois n.中产阶级的人 [F: BURGESS 市民;议员]

bourn n.小河;目标;界限 [F borne <OF bodne BOUND]

bout n.一阵;一回;一次 [16th c: app the same as obs bought bending]

bovine a.似牛的;笨拙的 [LL bovinus<L bos bovis ox]

bowdlerize v.删去不妥的文句 [T Bowdler(d 1825), expurgator of Shakesp]

bower n.树荫;寝室;提琴演奏者 [G Bauer peasant, jack at cards, rel to Du boer: BOOR农民;乡下;佬]

boycott v.联合抵制 [Capt C C Boycott, Irish land-agent d 1897, so treated from 1880]

brace v.支持;使固定 [ME<OF brace two arms, bracier embrace,<L brachia arms bracing紧张的;使心神清爽的;支柱]

bracelet n.手镯;手拷 [ME<OF, dimin. of bracel<L bracchiale< bra(c)chium arm]

brackish a.混有盐的;作呕的 [obs brack(adj)<MLG, MDu brac]

brag n.自夸,吹牛,自夸的东西 [ME, orig. adj., = spirited, boastful: orig. unkn.]

braggart n.吹牛;吹牛的 [F bragard<braguer BRAG自夸,夸耀,吹嘘()(of, about)]

brake n.煞车器;丛林;煞车 [ME, perh shortened<BRACKEN, -en being taken as a pl ending]

bramble n.荆棘 [OE br’mbel(earlier br’mel): BROOM 扫帚(植物)金雀花]

brand n.品种;商标;烙印 [OE<Gmc]

brandish v.挥 [OF brandir ult<Gmc, rel to BRAND(<OE "火焰")(打在商品上或牲畜身上的)烙印;商标]

brash a.性急的;仓促的;无礼的 [brashy 易碎的;脆弱的 ~ material 易碎的材质]

brat n.小鬼;小家伙 [a spoiled ~ 调皮捣蛋的小鬼;小坏蛋]

bravado n.作威;虚张的勇气 [Sp bravata<bravo: cf BRAVE, -ADO ado 骚扰;费力,麻烦;骚动;困难]

bravo int.n.好极!暴徒;刺客 [It.: BRAVE]

bravura n.勇敢尝试;华美演奏 [(<与 bravery 对应的意大利语)]

braw a.衣饰华美的;美好的 [var. of brawf BRAVE]

brawl v.争吵 [ME<OProv, rel to BRAY 驴的叫声,似驴叫的声音 喧哗 捣碎,擂碎,把捣成粉]

brawny a.肌肉结实的;强壮的 [brawn 肌肉;肌力,膂力,体力;人力,劳力]

braze v.用黄铜制;做黄铜色 [OE br’sen <br’s BRASS]

brazen a.无耻的 [OE br’sen<br’s brass brazenly ad.厚着脸皮地]

brazier n.火盆 [ME prob<BRASS + -IER, after glass, glazier]

breach n.破裂;违反法纪 [ME<OF breche, ult<Gmc]

breeze n.微风

brevity n.简洁 [AF brevete, OF brievete<bref BRIEF]

brew v.酿造;图谋 [OE breowan<Gmc]

bribe n.贿赂;收买 [ME <OF briber, brimber beg]

bridle n.v.缰绳;拘束;抑制;昂首 [OE bridel unbridled激烈的;不受约束的]

brigade n.旅;队;编成旅;分类 [F <It. brigata company <brigare be busy with <briga strife; a fire ~ 消防队]

brigand n.强盗 [ME<OF<It brigante<brigare: BRIGADE(军)旅(军队式组织之)团体,队,组]

brilliant a.灿烂的;显赫的;有才气的 [F brillant part of briller shine<It brillare]

brim n.(杯、碗的)边 [ME brimme brimful盈满的]

brindled a.有斑纹的 [earlier brinded, brended<brend, perh of Scand orig]

brink n.边缘(峭壁等的);水际

brisk a.活泼的 [prob F brusque BRUSQUE<态度、言词,人>莽撞的,粗率的,无礼的,唐突的 =BRUSK]

bristle v.竖立毛发;发怒 [ME bristel, brestel<OE byrst]

brittle a.脆的 [brittle star 阳遂足 (属棘皮动物,类似海盘车;亦称serpent star)]

broach v.钻孔使流出;初次提出 [ME<OF broche(n), brocher(v)ult<L brocc(h)us projecting]

brocade n.织锦 [Sp & Port brocado<It broccato<brocco twisted thread]

brochure n.小册子 [F, lit ’stitching’,<brocher stitch]

broil v.烧;曝晒;争吵 [obs broil to muddle: cf EMBROIL 使事态混乱]

broker n.经纪人;股票经纪人 [a ~ house 证券公司 (<OE "给葡萄酒桶开口的人")]

bromide n.嗅化物;平凡人;陈腔滥调

bronchitis n.支气管炎

bronze n.a.青铜;青铜制品;青铜色 [F <It. bronzo, prob. <Pers. birinj copper]

brooch n.胸针或领针 [ME broche = BROACH(<L."有突出之齿的")扩孔锥;螺旋钻;谈起,提起,提议;钻孔于<桶等>]

brood n.v.窝;孵;沉思 [OE brod<Gmc]

brook n.容忍;小河 [OE brucan<Gmc]

browbeat v.恫吓;威吓 [(brow + beat) ~ a person into working 威吓某人工作 ~ a person out of going alone 吓阻某人单独去]

browse n.嫩叶;放牧;浏览书本 [(n)<earlier brouse<OF brost young shoot, prob<Gmc;(v)<F broster]

bruise v.打伤 [ME<OE brysan crush, reinforced by AF bruser, OF bruisier break]

bruit v.传布;散布(谣言等) [F, = noise<bruire roar (对)咆哮,大叫;大笑(at)]

brunch n.早午餐 [BR(EAKFAST) + (L)UNCH]

brusque a.唐突的;粗率的 [F<It brusco sour =BRUSK]

brutal a.野蛮的 [F brutal or medL brutalis<brutus BRUTE brutality残忍,野蛮的行为 brute畜生;残暴的人;粗暴的]

brute n.畜生;残暴的人 [F<L brutus stupid]

bubble n.泡沫

buckle n.v.扣子;弯曲;扣住 [ME<OF boucle<L buccula cheek-strap of a helmet<bucca cheek: v<F boucler bulge(<L."袋")鼓起,凸] [<out>]

bucolic a.乡村的;牧人的 [L bucolicus<Gk boukolikos<boukolos herdsman<bous OX]

bud n.芽;花蕾,未发育的东西

buddy n.同伴;伙伴;弟兄 [perh. corrupt. of brother, or var. of BUTTY]

budget n.预算;预算案;营运费 [ME = pouch,<OF bougette dimin. of bouge leather bag<L bulga (f. Gaulish) knapsack: cf. BULGE]

buffalo n.水牛;美国野牛 [prob. <Port. bufalo <LL bufalus <L bubalus <Gk boubalos antelope, wild ox =bison]

buffer n.缓冲器;减弱冲突的人 [18th c.: prob. formed as BUFFER or with the sense ’stutterer’]

buffet n.v.冷餐;殴打;冲击;搏斗

buffoon n.丑角;滑稽剧演员 [F bouffon <It. buffone <med.L buffo clown <Rmc]

buffoonery n.滑稽 [F bouffon<It buffone<medL buffo clown<Rmc buffoon 丑角,滑稽剧演员]

bug n.昆虫;故障;装置防犯铃 [buggy 多虫的;马车 (虫)amoeba 阿米巴,变形虫 aphis 芽虫,獐螂 beetle 甲虫;木槌;杵;v.凸出 bot ] [蝇的幼虫;马的肤病之一种 cantharides 斑螫;斑螫干燥制剂]

bugaboo n.鬼怪 [prob of dial orig: cf Welsh bwcibo the Devil, bwci hobgoblin 调皮的小鬼 (小妖精) 鬼怪]

bugle n.喇叭

bulb n.球茎;灯泡 [L bulbus<Gk bolbos onion bulbous 球根的;球根状的]

bulge n.桶腰凸出部份;膨胀 [ME<OF boulge, bouge<L bulga: BUDGET]

bulk n.大小;容积;船舱 [sense ’cargo’<OIcel sense ’mass’ etc perh alt<obs bouk(cf BUCK)]

bullion n.金块;银块 [AF = mint, var of OF bouillon ult<L bullire boil]

bullshit n.胡说 [BULL + SHIT]

bully n.恶霸;流氓;罐头牛肉 [F bouilli boiled beef<bouillir BOIL bullyboy 暴徒,保镳;政治流氓]

bullyrag v.恐吓,欺凌

bulwark n.堡垒;防御 [ME<MLG, MDu bolwerk: BOLE树干(trunk), WORK]

bum n.游荡者;懒鬼

[prob abbr or back-form<BUMMER 讨厌之事 (状况) ;失望;失败(吸毒等)非常不愉快的经历 (事件, 面)] bumpkin 乡下人,乡巴佬,土包子;粗鲁的人

bumble v.说话含糊 [BOOM+-LE: partly<bumble = blunderer饭桶,冒失鬼]

bumblebee n.大黄蜂

bummer n.无赖;游民;游荡者 [19th c.: perh. <G Bummler]

bumper n.缓冲挡;满杯;丰收;客满

bumpkin n.土包子;乡下人 [perh Du boomken little tree or MDu bommekijn little barrel]

bumptious a.傲慢的;唐突的 [BUMP 冲突;扑通;隆起部分, after FRACTIOUS 易怒的;乖僻的;难驾驭的]

bumpy a.坑洼不平的;崎岖的 [a ~ road 崎岖不平的路 have a ~ ride 乘车颠簸而行]

bun n.面包;卷发;兔;栗鼠

bungle v.n.拙劣地工作;失败 [imit.: c<BUMBLE]

buoy n.浮标;救生圈; 支持;浮上 [ME prob<MDu bo(e)ye, ult<L boia collar<Gk boeiai ox-hides buoyancy 浮力;乐观的气质;(行情)上涨] [buoyant易浮的;快乐的]

buoyant a.能浮的,有浮力;轻快的 [F buoyant or Sp. boyante part. of boyar float< boya BUOY]

bureaucracy n.官僚政治 [F bureaucratie: BUREAU(美)(政府机关的)局((英)department)]

burgeon v.突然成长;萌芽 [ME<OF bor-, burjon ult<LL burra wool]

burglar n.夜贼;夜盗 [legal AF burgler, rel. to OF burgier pillage. ~ alarm 防盗警报器]

burial n.埋葬;葬礼

[ME, erron. formed as sing. of OE byrgels <Gmc: rel. to BURY. ~ ground 埋葬地,墓地. ~ service 葬礼 [式]

burlesque v.用文字、图画模仿以讽喻 [F<It burlesco<burla mockery笑柄;虚假;赝品;模仿]

burly a.结实的;粗壮的;率直的 [ME borli prob<an OE form = ’fit for the bower’(BOWER)]

burnish v.光辉;光泽 [ME<OF burnir = brunir<brun BROWN]

burrow n.v.洞穴;潜伏;探索 [ME, app var of BOROUGH(<OE "有城堡的地方 (城镇)")(从前的)自治市镇]

bushed a.被草丛笼罩的;疲倦的

buskin n.悲剧演员的短统靴;悲剧 [prob. <OF bouzequin, var. of bro(u)sequin]

buss n.v.接吻 [earlier bass (n. & v.): c<F baiser <L basiare]

bust n.半身像 [orig a(dial)pronunc of BURST<炸弹等>爆炸;<水泡、栗子等>爆裂]

bustle v.到处乱跑;喧躁;催促

buttress n.拱壁;支持物

[ME<OF(ars)bouterez thrusting(arch)<bouteret<bouter BUTT连接两端;接界;残余部分;靶;嘲笑对象;以 头撞,以角抵,顶

buxom a.活泼的 [earlier sense pliant: ME<stem of OE bugan BOW+-SOME]

buzz v.n.嗡嗡声;蜂鸣

bye a.n.附属的;偶然的;秘密的 [BY as noun]

bypass v.省略

byre n.牛房 [OE byre: perh rel to BOWER]

byte n.(电脑)字节(八bit组成) [20th c.: perh. based on BIT and BITE]

Unit 7

cab n.v.计乘车;驾驶室;自修书 [abbr. of CABRIOLET]

cabal n.派系;阴谋 [F cabale<medL cabala, CABBALA 犹太教的神秘哲学 秘法,秘教]

cache n.隐藏所 [F<cacher to hide]

cachet n.封印 [F<cacher press ult<L coactare constrain]

cackle v.呵呵笑 [ME prob<MLG, MDu kakelen(imit)]

cacodemon n.恶灵;恶鬼;恶人 [Gk kakodaimon <kakos bad + daimon spirit]

cacography n.拼错字;抄错;拙劣的书法 [Gk kakos bad, after orthography]

cacology n.措辞不当;发音不正 [LL cacologia <Gk kakologia vituperation <kakos bad]

cacophony n.不调和的声音 [kakos bad+phone sound]

cad n.下流的男人;粗鄙的人 [abbr of CADDIE球童 in sense ’odd-job man’]

cadaver n.人之尸体 [ME<L<cadere fall cadaverous死尸一样的;憔悴的]

cadence n.韵律;调子 [ME<OF<It cadenza, ult<L cadere fall]

cadet n.陆海空军校学生;实习生 [F<Gascon dial capdet, ult<L caput head]

cadge v.行乞勒索(金钱等);行商 [bind, carry]

cajole v.以甜言蜜语诱惑欺骗 [F cajoler]

calamity n.灾难;吹毛求疵的人 [calamitous 造成灾祸的 calamity howler 杞人忧天者;悲观论者 Calamity Jane 患难珍妮 (原名Martha] [Jane Canary(Burke)1852-1902,美国拓荒女英雄)]

caliber n.才干;才能;口径;器量 [同CALIBRE]

calligraphy n.书法 [call=kallos beauty+graphy]

calliope n.蒸汽琴;汽笛风琴 [Gk Kalliope muse of epic poetry(lit ’beautiful-voiced’)]

callous a.无情的;结硬块的

[ME<L callosus(CALLUS)or F calleux callus老茧;愈合组织,肉状体 callosity 皮肤硬化,老茧,胼胝;无 感觉;无情

callow a.未成长的 [OE calu]

calorific a.生热的 [L calorificus<calor heat caloric 热(的)]

calumny n.诽谤;谗言 [calumniate诽谤;中伤]

cameo n.有浮雕的宝石 [ME<OF camahieu and medL cammaeus]

camouflage n.v.伪装;掩饰;隐瞒;欺瞒 [f camoufler disguise<It camuffare disguise, deceive]

canard n.虚报;谣言 [F, = duck]

candor n.坦白;率真

canker n.弊病 [cank螃蟹]

canny a.精明的;节俭的 [CAN(in sense ’know’)+-Y]

canon n.宗教法规;教士;经典 [OE<L<Gk kanon, in ME also<AF & OF canun, -on;in sense ME<OF canonie<ecclL canonicus: cf] [CANONICAL根据教会法的;正规的,标准的]

cant n.黑话;伪善之言 [ME<MLG kant, kante, MDu cant, point, side, edge, ult<L cant(h)us iron tire]

cantata n.清唱剧 [cant=cantare sing]

canter n.慢步小跑 [short for Canterbury(坎特布里,英国大教堂)pace, from the supposed easy pace of medieval pilgrims to] [Canterbury]

canto n.长诗中的章 [It, = song,<L cantus]

canvass v.细究;讨论;检票 [orig = toss投掷,摇荡 in a sheet, agitate 摇动 CANVAS 帆布,油画]

capacious a.容量大的 [L capax -acis<capere hold capacity 包容力, 收容力;容积]

caparison n.装饰用马衣;给马穿衣 [<Sp caparazon saddle-cloth<capa CAPE羔羊皮(产于好望角)拉丁文"头"岬,海角;好望角(Cape of Good] [Hope)]

caper v.n.雀跃;嬉戏;把戏 [ME capres & F c res<L capparis<Gk kapparis, treated as pl: cf CHERRY, PEA 豌豆]

capillary a.毛细管的 [<capillus hair]

capitulate v.有条件地投降 [<L caput head]

caprice n.反复无常;任性 [F<It CAPRICCIO随想曲 capricious善变的,任性的,反覆无常的]

caption n.标题 [<capt- take]

captious a.好吹毛求疵的;诡辩的 [capt take+ious->take(other’s fault)(CAPTION)]

carat n.克拉;开 [<Gk keration fruit of the carob稻子豆(dimin of keras horn角)Karate空手道 caret加字符号]

cardinal a.首要的;基本的

[ME<OF<L cardinalis<cardo -inis hinge: in Eng first applied to the four virtues on which conduct ’hinges( 关键,枢纽,要点)’

cardiology n.心脏学 [cardio+logy]

careen v.使船倾倒;使侧倾 [<L carina KEEL龙骨]

caress v.抚爱 [<L carus dear]

caricature n.讽刺画;讽刺 [<caricare load, exaggerate]

carmine n.洋红色 [<carmesinum crimson+minium cinnabar1(矿)辰砂,朱砂 鲜红色,朱红色(vermilion)]

carnage n.大屠杀;残杀 [<L caro carnis flesh]

carnal a.肉体的 [<caro carnis flesh]

carnivorous a.食肉的 [<caro carnis flesh+-VOROUS carnivore 食肉动物;食虫植物]

carouse n.v.酒宴;痛饮;狂欢 [orig as adv = right out, in phr drink carouse<G gar aus trinken carousal喧闹的酒会]

carping a.吹毛求疵的

carrion n.腐臭的尸体 [ME<AF & ONF caroine, -oigne, OF charoigne ult<L caro flesh]

cartographer n.制图者 [carto纸+grapher]

carve v.雕刻;切成薄片;开拓 [OE ceorfan cut<WG]

cascade n.小瀑布 [F<It cascata<cascare to fall ult<L casus: CASE(<L."发生的事")情形,场合;事例]

caste n.印度世袭阶级;阶级制度 [<casto pure, CHASTE(<L."无缺点的,纯洁的")1<女子>(肉体上)纯洁的,贞洁的]

castigate v.谴责;惩治 [L castigare reprove<castus pure castigation 强烈申斥;反对;鞭打;惩罚]

casualty n.意外;灾祸 [ME<medL casualitas(CASUAL), after ROYALTY etc]

casuistry n.诡辩;曲解 [casuist 诡辩家 F casuiste <Sp. casuista <L casus CASE]

cataclysm n.洪水;剧变 [cata向下的+clysm=kluzo洗 catacomb地下墓穴 catalogue分类目录 clyster(医)灌肠]

catalyst n.催化剂 [cata+lysis溶解 after analyst catalysis接触反应,催化作用]

catapult n.弹弩;发射机 [F catapulte or L catapulta<Gk katapeltes(CATA-, pallo hurl)]

catastrophe n.大灾难 [cata+strophe turning]

catechism n.问答形式的教授法 [CATECHIZE 以问答方式讲授;盘问 catechizer 口试者 catechist 传道师;盘问者;采用问答式教学者]

categorical a.绝对的 [CATEGORY 种类]

cater v.承办酒席;迎合 [<acater buy; cate n.佳肴,美食]

catharsis n.导泻;净化 [<kathairo cleanse cathartic通便的;洗涤(胃肠)的;泻药]

catholic a.宽容的;广泛的 [<kata in respect of+holos whole Catholic天主教]

caucus n.干部会议;核心人物 [18th-c US, perh<Algonquin cau’ -cau-as’ u adviser]

caustic a.腐蚀性的;刻薄的 [<kaustos burnt<kaio burn]

cauterize v.灼烧 [<kaio burn]

cavalcade n.车队等的行列 [<cavalcare ride ult<L caballus pack-horse]

cavil v.吹毛求疵;苛责 [<L cavillari<cavilla mockery 嘲弄;蔑视]

cavity n.空穴;空腔;蛀牙洞 [<L cavus hollow洞]

cede v.割让;让步 [<L cedere yield]

celebrity n.名声;名人 [<celebr有名的+ity CELEBRATED 驰名的,有名的]

celerity n.快速 [<celer swift]

celestial a.天上的 [CELESTE天空]

celibate a.独身的 [<caelebs -ibis unmarried;celibacy 独身生活(尤指修道者立下宗教誓约而遵守的)]

censor n.检查员 [<L censere assess cencorous 好批评的, 好吹毛求疵者 censorship 检查;监察;检察官之职]

censure v.责备 [<L censura<censere assess 核定<税额、罚款额等>,评定(at)]

centaur n.人首马身的怪物 [ME<L centaurus<Gk kentauros]

centigrade n.摄氏温标 [F<L centum hundred+gradus step]

centrifugal a.离心的 [<L centrum centre+fugere flee refugee难民]

centripetal a.向心的 [<L centrum centre+petere seek]

ceremonious a.隆重的;客套的 [F ceremonieux or LL caerimoniosus CEREMONY典礼 ceremonial 仪式的;讲究仪式的;正式的]

cessation n.中止 [ME<L cessatio<cessare CEASE]

cession n.割让 [ME<OF cession or L cessio<cedere cess- go away]

chaff n.粗糠;谷壳 [<CHAFE 摩擦;激怒]

chaffing a.玩笑的;嘲弄的

chagrin n.烦闷;懊恼 [cha-grin,GRIN苦笑 chagined 失望的;灰心的]

chalice n.杯;圣餐杯 [<L calix -icis cup]

champ v.大声地嚼 [prob. imit.]

chanty n.船夫曲;劳动号子

chaos n.混乱 [F or L<Gk khaos: - otic after erotic etc CHAOTIC混乱的]

charisma n.能吸引大众的非凡能力 [<Gk kharisma<kharis favour, grace]

charitable a.宽大的;慈善的 [E<OF<charite CHARITY 慈悲;施舍,慈善设施]

charlatan n.骗子;冒充内行者 [F<It ciarlatano<ciarlare babble 喋喋不休, 罗嗦, 唠叨]

charter n.v.执照;宪章;发特许执照 [CHARTE图表]

chary a.谨慎的;吝啬的;害羞的 [with ~ look 以谨慎的表情 He is ~ of praise (praising others) 他吝于 (不轻易) 称赞别人 She is ~ of] [strangers 她见到陌生人会害羞]

chasm n.深坑 [<Gk khasma gaping hollow]

chassis n.汽车等之底盘 [<L capsa箱]

chaste a.贞洁的;纯洁的 [<L castus chastity 贞节;纯洁]

chasten v.惩戒;责罚;抑制;使缓和 [<L castigare CASTIGATE惩罚 CHASTISE严厉惩罚;谴责]

chattel n.动产 [ME<OF chatel: CATTLE牛,家畜]

chauvinist n.盲目的爱国者 [Chauvin, a Napoleonic veteran in the Cogniards’ Cocarde Tricolore(1831)]

checkered a.多变的 [a ~ career (life) 波折多变的人生(经历)checker 方格花纹;使呈各种颜色 The lawn was ~ed with sunlight] [and shade 草坪上光影交错成方格图案]

chicanery n.奸计;狡猾手段 [F chicanerie CHICANE 搪塞,狡辩;欺骗]

chide v.叱责;谴责 [OE cidan]

chimerical a.幻想的;荒诞的 [L<Gk khimaira she-goat, chimera(希神)吐火兽;怪物;妄想]

chiromancy n.手相术 [chiro手+mancy非科学 NACROMANCY通灵术]

chiropodist n.足科医生

chirp v.吱喳鸣出或叫出 [ME, earlier chirk, chirt]

choke v.使窒息 [prob confusion of the ending of artichoke with CHOKE]

choleric a.暴燥的

[<Gk kholerikos: CHOLER脾气暴躁,动肝火;胆汁,胆汁质 a man of choleric temper 脾气暴躁 (易怒) 的男人

chop v.砍;突然改变方向 [choppy 波浪起伏的;多裂缝的;易变的]

chronic a.长期的;慢性的 [<khronos time]

chuckle v.咯咯而笑 [CHUCK(轻扣;抛出,抛弃;中止) CLUCK(咯咯叫)]

chum n.室友; 好友; 挚友 [be ~s with ┅ 与…是好朋友 a new ~ 新来的移民 Tom ~med up with me 汤姆和我成为好朋友] [chummage (俗)同室;共宿旧囚犯向新囚犯勒索金钱]

churlish a.粗野的;下贱的;难驾驭的 [OE cierlisc, ceorlisc<ceorl CHURL下贱的人;吝啬鬼]

ciliated a.有纤毛的

circlet n.戒指;小圈

circuitous a.绕行的;迂回的 [<circuitus CIRCUIT 巡回;环游旅行;周围,纡路;电路;姊妹]

circumlocution n.迂回累赘的陈述 [ME<F circumlocution or L circumlocutio(CIRCUM-, LOCUTION 说话法;语风), transl of Gk] [PERIPHRASIS(修辞)迂说法;拐弯抹角的说法, 绕圈子的说法]

circumspect a.慎重的;小心的 [CIRCUM-, specere spect- look]

circumvent v.占上风;智取;规避 [CIRCUM-, venire come]

citadel n.城堡;要塞 [<L civitas -tatis city]

cite v.引用;举例 [<L citare<ciere set moving]

clairvoyant a.具有洞察力的 [clairvoyance 透视力;异常的洞察力<clair CLEAR+voir voy- see CLAIRAUDIENCE超人的听力] [VOYAGE航行]

clamber v.攀爬 [<clamb, obs past tense of CLIMB]

clammy a.粘湿的;病态的 [<clam to daub(涂抹;弄赃)]

clamorous a.吵闹的 [clamor喧闹;大声叫嚷]

clamp n.钳子;夹住 [16th c: prob<Du klamp heap(in sense related to CLUMP 丛生, 结块;笨重的脚步声]

clandestine a.暗中的;秘密的 [<clam secretly]

clarion n.响亮尖锐之声 [<L clario -onis<L clarus clear]

clarity n.清楚;明了;澄澈 [<L claritas<clarus clear]

clash n.当当声;冲突;猛撞;抵触 [clack, clang发铿锵声 crack打开;破裂;裂缝 crash压坏;压碎]

claustrophobia n.幽闭恐惧症 [<L claustrum: CLOISTER修道院;寺庙]

cleanse v.使纯洁;使清洁 [OE cl’nsian(see CLEAN)]

cleave v.劈裂;开辟 [(用斧头等沿着树纹、劈开面)劈开<木材、岩石等>cleavage 劈开,劈开部;分裂]

cleft n.裂口 [OE rel to CLEAVE(用斧头等沿树纹、劈开面)劈开,剖开]

clemency n.仁慈;和蔼 [<L clemens -entis clement仁慈的,宽厚的]

cliche n.陈腔滥调;老套 [F<clicher to stereotype]

climactic a.高潮的 [CLIMAX+-IC, perh after SYNTACTIC文章构成法 or CLIMACTERIC危机的,更年期的]

clinch v.钉牢;揪住 [同CLENCH 咬紧<牙关>;紧闭<嘴巴>;紧握<拳头>;紧握,抓住<某物>]

clip v.修剪;包围 [ME<ON klippa, prob imit]

clique n.朋党;派系 [F<cliquer CLICK嘀哒声]

clog v.阻碍 [缚在动物等脚上限制其行动 (防止逃跑) 的圆木 阻碍,妨碍<up>(with)]

cloister n.修道院;寺院 [<claudere claus- CLOSE cloistered 住在修道院的,隐居的]

clout n.影响力 [OE clut, rel to CLEAT 楔子形的栓;(鞋底等的)止滑片, CLOT结块,凝固]

Unit 8

clumsy a.笨拙的;不好看的;粗陋的 [obs clumse be numb(麻木的)with cold]

cluster n.串;束 [OE clyster: cf CLOT凝结]

clutch v.抓紧 [18th c: prob SEngl var of cletch<cleck to hatch<ON klekja, assoc with CLUTCH(用手或指甲等)抓住,] [握]

clutter n.喧闹 [partly var of clotter coagulate, partly assoc with CLUSTER, CLATTER 嗒声;喧闹]

coadjutor n.助手;伙伴 [CO-, adjutor<adjuvare -jut- help ADJUTANT副手;副官]

coalesce v.联合;合并 [CO-, alescere alit- grow<alere nourish coalition结合,合并]

coax v.甘言劝诱

coaxal a.同轴的

cockade n.帽章 [<fem of obs coquard saucy傲慢的;活泼的<coq COCK公鸡;耸立]

coddle v.娇养;溺爱 [caudle invalids’ gruel稀粥;使极度疲劳]

codicil n.遗嘱的附录 [L codicillus, dimin of CODEX法律;规则]

coerce v.强迫 [CO-, arcere restrain coercion 强迫;威压;高压政治]

cog n.轮齿 [ME: prob of Scand orig]

cogent a.使人信服的 [CO-, agere act- drive cogency(使人信服的)力量,(理论等的)中肯]

cogitate v.思考 [L cogitare think(CO-, AGITATE骚动)cogitation(常 ~s)(文语)思考(力),熟虑;深思 after much ~ 经过] [思熟虑之后 cogitable 可以思考的,可做思考题目的]

cognate a.同源的;同性质的 [L cognatus(CO-, natus born)]

cognizance n.认知 [ME<OF conoisance ult<L cognoscent-<cognitio: COGNITION认识;知觉]

cognomen n.姓 [cognominal 同名的 姓的 cognoscente(美术品等的)鉴赏家 cognoscible 可认知的;可辨识的]

cohere v.凝聚 [L cohaerere cohaes-(CO-, haerere stick)coherent 互相密合的;凝聚性的 cohesion 团结;凝结力]

coherence n.n.附著;凝聚;结合

cohort n.一队兵;同事 [ME<F cohorte or L cohors cohort- enclosure围绕, company]

coincide v.与...一致;符合;暗合 [medL coincidere(CO-, INCIDENT 事件;附带的, 外来的)coincidence 一致,符合;偶合,巧合]

colander n.滤器;漏锅 [ME, ult<L colare strain 拉紧]

collaborate v.合作 [L collaborare collaborat-(COM-, laborare work)]

collate v.校勘;对照 [L collat- pp. stem of conferre compare]

collateral a.并行的;旁系的 [ME<medL collateralis(COM-, LATERAL 侧面;旁边的)]

collation n.便餐;核对 [<Cassian’s Collationes Patrum同 Lives of the Fathers)read by Benedictines(圣本铎修会的僧)and followed] [by a light meal]

collide v.碰撞;冲突;抵触

[L collidere collis-(COM-, laedere strike, damage)collision 碰撞,猛撞(with, against)(利害、意见、目的 [的)对立,不一致,冲突]

collier n.煤矿工人;运煤船 [<COAL+-IER]

colloquial a.会话的;口语的 [L colloquium COLLOQUY(<L."谈话,会谈")(文语)(正式的)对话,会谈]

collusion n.共谋;骗串;勾结 [ME<OF collusion or L collusio(COLLUDE共谋,串通,勾结 L colludere collus-(COM-, ludere lus- play))]

colorable a.似是而非的;貌似可取的

comatose a.昏睡的;无生气的 [coma 昏睡;彗核;种芒]

combustible a.易燃的 [combust- burn up COMBUSTION 燃烧;氧化]

comely a.美丽动人的 [ME cumelich, cumli prob<becumelich<BECOME]

comestible n.a.食品;可以吃的 [<L comedere comest- eat up]

comity n.礼仪 [L comitas<comis courteous彬彬有礼的]

commandeer v.征募(兵役等);征用 [<F commander COMMAND]

commence v.开始;着手;得学士学位 [as COM-, L initiare INITIATE COMMENCEMENT 开始;学士学位授与(日)]

commensurate a.同量的 [LL commensuratus(COM-, MEASURE)]

commingle v.混合

commiserate v.同情;慰问 [COM-, miserari pity<miser wretched]

commodious a.宽敞的;使用方便的 [F commodieux or<medL commodiosus<L commodus(COMMODE)COMMODITY日用品;商品;必需品]

compact a.简洁的;紧密的 [L compactum<compacisci compact-(COM-, pacisci covenant): cf PACT]

compatible a.能共处的 [F<medL compatibilis(COMPASSION)compatibility适合性,两立性;一致;调和]

compendious a.简明的 [pend=hang]

compendium n.摘要 [<L compendere(COM-, pendere weigh)what is weighed together]

compensate v.偿还;补偿 [compensare(COM-, pensare frequent of pendere pens- weigh)]

compile v.编辑 [ME<OF compiler or its apparent source, L compilare plunder, plagiarize compilation 编辑;编纂;编纂物]

complacent a.自满的 [L complacere: COMPLACENCY edL complacentia<L complacere(COM-, placere please)]

complaisant a.殷勤的;彬彬有礼的 [F<complaire(stem complais-)acquiesce to please,<L complacere: COMPLACENCY自满,自得;自以为是]

complement n.补足物 [ME<L complementum(COMPLETE)]

compliant a.顺从的;应允的 [compliable 依从的;屈从的 compliance(对于要求、命令等的)服从,顺从;遵守;应允]

complicity n.共谋;串通 [complice(see ACCOMPLICE)+-ITY]

compliment n.称赞;恭维;祝贺;赠送 [complimenter<It complimento ult<L(COMPLEMENT补足物;补充的)]

comply v.顺从;应允 [It complire<Cat complir, Sp cumplir<L complere fill up]

comport v.举止 [L comportare(COM-, portare carry)]

comprise v.包括 [ME<F, fem pp. of comprendre comprehend]

compromise v.和解;危及 [<LL compromissum neut pp. of compromittere(com-, promittere promise)]

compunction n.后悔;内疚 [<L compungere compunct-(com-, pungere prick刺;受责备)]

compute v.计算;估计 [F computer or L computare(com-, putare reckon)computation n]

concatenate v.连结;连锁 [LL concatenare(com-, catenare<catena chain)]

concealment n.隐蔽;躲藏;隐匿处

concede v.承认 [F conceder or L concedere concess-(com-, cedere yield)]

conceit n.自满;独断;奇想;巧思 [ME<conceive after deceit(欺骗,谎言), deceive, etc(←→ humility)be full of ~ 非常自负,自命不凡] conceited[自负的,自大的,自满的;奇想的,幻想的]

conceive v.想象 [<L concipere concept-(com-, capere take)]

concentric a.同中心的 [ME<OF concentrique or medL concentricus(com-, centricus as centre)]

conception n.构思;概念 [ME<OF<L conceptio -onis(concept)]

conch n.贝壳 [L concha shell<Gk kogkhe]

concierge n.看门人;公寓管理人员 [F, prob ult<L conservus fellow slave]

conciliate v.安慰;取悦于 [L conciliare combine, gain(concilium council) conciliation 安抚;获得(好感等);和解]

concise a.简明的 [F concis or L concisus pp. of concidere(com-, caedere cut)concision切断,分离,简洁,简明]

conclave n.秘密会议 [<L conclave lockable room(com-, clavis key)]

concoct v.调制;编造 [L concoquere concoct-(com-, coquere cook)concoction 混合;调合物;捏造;企图]

concordat n.协定;宗派间的协约 [F concordat or L concordatum neut pp. of concordare Concorde 协和式喷射客机]

condemn v.谴责;宣告;命定;征用 [<L condemnare(com-, damnare damn)condemnation 非难,谴责,责难,责备 宣告有罪,判罪]

condemnation n.非难;罪的宣告;非难

condign a.适宜的;应受的 [<L condignus(com-, dignus worthy)]

condiment n.调味品 [<L condimentum<condire pickle 腌汁;腌菜,泡菜;腌成之黄瓜;(a ~)(口语)为难 (尴尬) 之立场,困惑,]窘境, [be in a(sad (sorry, nice, pretty))~ 陷于困难]

condole v.同情;慰问 [LL condolere(com-, dolere suffer)(<L."一起叹息")condolence 哀悼 condolatory 吊唁的;吊慰的 condole,] [after consolatory etc.]

condone v.宽恕;原谅 [L condonare(com-, donare give)]

conduit n.导管;水管

[ME<OF conduit<medL conductus conduct(<L."共同引导")(文语)(从道德观点来看的人的)行为,品行 经营,营运,管理;指挥,引导 the ~ of

confiscate v.充公;没收 [L confiscare(com-, fiscare<fiscus treasury)]

conformity n.相似;一致 [ME<OF conformite or LL conformitas(conform 适合;顺从,顺应) nonconformity 不适合,不一致;不服]从 [教]

congeal v.凝结 [<L congelare(com-, gelare<gelu frost)]

congenital a.天生的 [L congenitus(com-, genitus pp. of gigno beget)]

conglomeration n.聚集;凝聚 [conglomeratus pp. of conglomerare(com-, glomerare<glomus -eris ball)]

congregate v.聚集 [ME<L congregare(com-, gregare<grex gregis flock)]

congruence n.适合;全等 [ME<L congruentia(congruent符合的;一致;调和)congruity一致]

conifer n.针叶树;松柏科植 [L(cone, -ferous)]

conjecture n.推测;猜想 [L conjectura<conjicere(com-, jacere throw) conjectural 推测的,好推测的]

conjure v.恳求; 耍魔术 [<L conjurare band together by oath(com-, jurare swear)]

conjurer n.魔术师;极聪明的人 [conjure(<L."一起发誓")念咒语召<灵魂>耍魔术(自)取出(out of)]

connivance n.纵容;默许 [CONNIVE假装不见<L connivere shut the eyes(to)]

connoisseur n.鉴定家;行家 [<pres stem of conna re know+-eur -or: cf reconnoiter 侦察,勘查,勘测;观察,探究]

connotation n.涵意;暗示 [CONNOTATIVE含蓄的;有涵义的暗示 (别的意思) 的,含有言外之意的(of)]

consanguinity n.血缘;亲族 [SANGUINE 血红色的;充满希望的 consanguineous 血亲的,血缘的,同族的]

conscientious a.正直的 [<medL conscientiosus(conscience良心;责任心)]

consecrate v.奉为神圣;献身 [ME<L consecrare(com-, secrare = sacrare dedicate<sacer sacred)]

consensus n.一致 [L, = agreement]

consentaneous a.一致的;全场一致的

consign v.移交 [ME<F consigner or L consignare mark with a seal(com-, sign) consignment 交付;寄销;寄送的货物]

consistent a.始终如一的 [L consistere(consist组成;存在;一致)]

consort v.n.相伴;结交;配偶;伙伴 [earlier form of concert]

conspicuous a.引人注目的 [L conspicuus(conspectus)]

conspire v.阴谋;密谋 [ME<OF conspirer<L conspirare agree, plot(com-, spirare breathe)conspiracy(结党)阴谋,共谋<企图的>]阴谋

consternation n.惊愕;惊恐 [F consternation or L consternatio(consternate使惊愕)]

construe v.诠释;翻译 [ME<L construere construct misconstrue曲解;误解]

consummate a.完全的 [L consummare(com-, summare complete<summus utmost)consummation 完成;极致;完婚,圆房]

contaminate v.弄脏;污染 [L contaminare(com-, tamen- rel to tangere touch)]

contemn v.轻侮;蔑视 [ME<OF contemner or L contemnere(com-, temnere tempt- despise)]

contemplate v.凝视;沉思 [L contemplari(com-, templum place for observations)]

contentious a.好争吵的 [ME<OF contentieux<L contentiosus(contention争论;辩论) (contend奋斗;竞争)]

contiguous a.接触的;邻近的 [COM-, tangere touch]

continence n.自律;节欲 [continent大陆;自制的,禁欲的]

contingent a.可能发生的 [COM-, tangere touch contingency偶然性;意外事故]

contortions n.扭歪;弯曲 [COM-, torquere twist; contort扭,扭歪,曲解]

contraband n.非法交易;走私 [Sp contrabanda<It(CONTRA-, bando proclamation 宣布,布告,发布 宣言,声明书,宣告书]

contract n.契约;婚约;收缩;皱眉

[<L contractus(COM-, trahere tract- draw)~ a marriage(with ┅)(与)缔结婚姻 ~ one’s eyebrows (forehead) 皱眉 (额头)

contravene v.违反;抵触 [CONTRA-, venire vent- come]

contrite a.悔悟的 [COM-, terere trit- rub]

controvert v.否定;否认 [<L controversus(CONTRA-, vertere vers- turn)controversy论争,辩论(尤指报章上的)论战]

contumacious a.不听命令的 [L contumax, perh rel to tumere swell]

contumely n.傲慢;侮辱 [ME<OF contumelie<L contumelia(COM-, tumere swell)]

contusion n.打伤;撞伤 [L contundere contus-(COM-, tundere thump)contuse v]

conundrum n.含恢谐、双关之意的谜语 [如]

convalesce v.渐渐恢复;痊愈 [(<L."变强")ME<L convalescere(COM-, valere be well)convalescence 渐愈;恢复期]

convene v.召开;开会 [ME<L convenire convent- assemble, agree, fit(COM-, venire come)]

conventional a.传统的;习俗的 [F conventionnel or LL conventionalis(CONVENTION大会;协定;惯例)]

conversant a.精通的 [ME<OF, pres part of converser CONVERSE交谈;相反的]

convert v.改变;变更 [<L convertere convers- turn about(COM-, vertere turn)]

conveyance n.运输;交通工具 [convey(<L."同(走)路")<人、运输工具等>载运<乘客>,搬运<货物>~ passengers 载运乘客 conveyable] [可搬运 (传达,转让) 的]

convict v.证明;宣判有罪

[ME<L convincere convict-(COM-, vincere conquer): noun<obs convict convicted conviction (陪审员)有 罪判决, 定罪;确信

convivial a.快乐的;欢乐的 [L convivialis<convivium feast(COM-, vivere live)]

convoke v.召集 [L convocare convocat-(COM-, vocare call)convocation召集,集会]

convoluted a.旋绕的;回旋状的 [<L convolutus(COM-, volvere volut- roll)]

convoy v.护送 [OF convoyer var of conveier CONVEY传达;运输;转移]

convulse v.使震动 [(<L."撕裂") COM-, vellere pull The island was ~d by the eruption convulsant 引进痉挛的;抽搐的;惊]厥[剂] convulsion 震动;动乱;抽筋

coop v.拘禁 [ME cupe basket<MDu, MLG kupe, ult<L cupa cask]

copious a.很多的;丰富的 [<L copiosus<copia plenty]

coquette n.卖弄风情之女子;狐狸精 [F, fem of coquet wanton, dimin of coq cock 公鸡,雄鸡(英俚)伙伴,老大(干草等堆成的)圆锥形小山→] [haycock coquetry 女子玩弄男人;卖弄风骚]

cordon n.警戒线 [It cordone augmentative of corda CORD, & F cordon(CORD)]

cornice n.飞檐 [<L cornix -icis crow 啼叫;乌鸦]

corporeal a.肉体的;物质的 [<L corporeus<corpus -oris body]

corpulent a.肥胖的 [<L corpulentus<corpus body]

corpus n.全集;全部资料 [corpse尸体]

corroborate v.确定 [corroborant 确证的,健身药, roborant 强壮剂 corroboration 证实,支持,证据]

corrosive a.腐蚀的 [ME<OF corosif -ive(CORRODE腐蚀;破坏)]

cortege n.行列 [cortex(植物)表皮层皮质,外皮]

coruscate v.闪烁;焕发 [L coruscare glitter闪烁]

cosmetologist n.美容专家;美容师 [cosmeto-logist COSMETIC 化妆品;装饰性的<kosmeo adorn <kosmos order, adornment]

cosmic a.宇宙的;广大无边的 [cosm宇宙+ic;COSMOS宇宙 cosmopolis国际都市]

costume n.服装;剧装 [<custom,按照习俗要求穿的服装]

coterie n.(由共同兴趣组成)小团体 [COTE小屋,笼+rie cottage小屋 cotenant]

Unit 9

coterminous a.毗连的;有共同边界的 [也写作contermious, con+term边界,结束;terminate结束]

couch n.床;睡椅;麦牙糖 [var of QUITCH =quitch grass 茅草]

counterfeit a.n.v.假冒的;伪作;骗子 [E<OF countrefet, -fait, pp. of contrefaire]

countermand v.撤回;取消 [ME<OF contremander<medL contramandare(CONTRA-, mandare order)]

counterpart n.相对物;极相似之物 [counterpane(装饰用的)床罩,床单 counterpiston 逆活塞]

coupling n.联结;联合体

covenant n.契约;盟约 [ME<OF, pres part of co(n)venir, formed as CONVENE召集;集合]

covert a.暗地的;隐藏的 [ME<OF covert pp. of covrir COVER]

covetous a.贪婪的 [ME<OF coveitous<Gallo-Roman be ~ of another person’s property 贪图他人财产]

cower v.畏缩;退缩 [ME<MLG kuren lie in wait COW 恐吓;威胁]

coxcomb n.纨裤子弟;花花公子

[鸡冠花(cockscomb)= cock’s comb(see COCK), orig(a cap worn by)a jester(尤指中世纪王侯、贵族所豢 养的)小丑,弄臣

coy a.害羞的 [ME<OF coi, quei<L quietus QUIET]

cozen v.欺骗 [16th-c perh rel to COUSIN 堂兄弟(姊妹) cozen a person of (out of) something=~ something of (out of) a] [person 骗取某人的某物 cozenage 欺骗,哄骗]

cozy a.温暖而舒适的 [同COSY a ~ little restaurant 舒适雅致的小餐厅 cozy up to a person(美口语)博取<某人>的欢心, 好]<[某人>]

crabbed a.乖戾的;暴躁的 [ME<CRAB, assoc with CRAB 蟹]

cracker n.爆竹,摔爆;一种装有糖果

cram v.填塞;仓促用功 [OE crammian<Gmc cramming adj]

cranky a.胡思乱想的;发疯的 [perh<obs crank rogue feigning sickness CRANK 曲柄;弯曲,虚浮的委婉话]

crass a.粗鲁的;愚蠢的 [L crassus solid, thick]

craven a.懦弱的 [<L crepare burst;assim to -EN]

crease n.v.皱痕;(使)起皱痕

credence n.相信 [<medL credentia<credere believe]

credo n.信条 [ME<L, = I believe]

credulity n.轻信;易信 [L credulus<credere believe]

creed n.教义;信条 [OE creda<L CREDO]

creek n.小湾;小溪 [<MDu kreke(or<crike by lengthening)]

crepuscular a.在晨曦时刻活动的 [L crepusculum twilight(日出前的)微明,晓光;曙光;(较常指日落后的)黄昏,薄暮]

crestfallen a.垂头丧气的 [CREST鸡冠+FALLEN]

crevice n.裂缝;破口 [ME<OF crevace<crever burst<L crepare]

cringe n.v.畏缩;奉承 [ME crenge, crenche, OE cringan, crincan: CRANK脾气暴躁的 cringing 谄媚的;奉承的]

cripple n.跛子;残废的 [OE crypel, rel to CREEP 爬行,匍匐]

crisp a.脆的;活泼的 [OE<L crispus curled卷曲]

criterion n.标准;定规 [Gk kriterion means of judging(cf CRITIC)]

crooked a.有钩的;弯曲的;秘密造的 [ME<CROOK, prob after ON kr*k*ttr crook屈曲,弯曲部;曲柄拐杖]

cross a.不高兴的 [OE cros<ON kross<OIr cros<L crux cruc-]

crotchety a.思想奇怪的;怪僻的 [CROTCHET奇想;反复无常+-Y]

crude a.未提炼的;生的;粗野 [ME<L crudus raw, rough crudity 未成熟;生硬;粗杂;粗糙粗野的行为 (言辞)]

crumble v.粉碎;崩溃;灭亡 [ME<OE, formed as CRUMB;The old wall is crumbling away at the edges 那道古墙的边缘逐渐崩塌]

crunch v.嘎扎嘎扎的咬嚼;压碎

[同scrunch earlier cranch, assim to munch用力嚼 A dog was ~ing on a bone 一只狗在咯吱咯吱地 啃 着骨头

crusade n.十字军;圣战;改革运动

[earlier croisade(F<croix cross)or crusado(Sp<cruz cross)crusader 十字军战士 改革运动者 crusado(铸有 十字架之)葡萄牙古金币或银币

crux n.紧要关头;要点 [L, = cross(<L."十字形")the ~ of a problem 问题的核心 cruzeiro 巴西的货币单位(相当于美金 5.4 cents] [(1965))]

cryogenic a.低温的;低温学的

[cryogen (化学)致冷剂;冷冻剂 cryo- (用于复合字中) 表"冰冷,严寒"之义,如: cryometer低温计 (内装 酒精,而非水银)

cryptic a.神秘的;隐藏的 [LL crypticus<Gk kruptikos(CRYPTO-)]

cryptogram n.密码 [cryptogrammic 亦作cryptogammatic 密码的;暗号的;似密码或暗号的 crypto (复合用词)表示"隐的,秘密的"]

cuddle v.抚爱地怀抱;贴着身睡 [16th c: perh<dial couth snug舒适的]

cuisine n.烹调;烹饪法 [F<L coquina<coquere to cook]

culinary a.厨房的;烹调的 [L culinarius<culina kitchen]

cull v.拣选;剔除 [ME<OF coillier etc ult<L colligere COLLECT]

culmination n.顶点;最高潮

[the ~ of one’s ambition 某人雄心 (抱负) 的极致 2(天文)通过子午线,中天 culminate 到达最高点 ( 极点,绝顶) ;达到最高潮 (极盛)

culpable a.该受谴责的 [<L culpabilis<culpare<culpa blame]

cultivate v.耕种 [medL cultivare<cultiva(terra)arable(land)(CULT)]

cultivating n.力求与人交往

cupidity n.贪婪 [ME<OF cupidite or L cupiditas<cupidus desirous]

curb n.马勒;控制 [ME<OF courber<L curvare bend, CURVE曲线;弯曲]

curmudgeon n.守财奴 [curly 鬈发的;卷曲的;卷缩的 curr(鸽、猫等)发咕咕声;发呜呜声 currant 小粒的无子葡萄干]

curry v.制革;曲意逢迎 [ME<OF correier ult<Gmc]

cursive a.草体的 [medL(scriptura)cursiva<L currere curs- run]

cursory a.匆促的;粗略的 [L cursorius of a runner(CURSOR计算尺游标)]

curtail v.缩短;缩减 [<F courtault<court short<L curtus: assim to tail]

cushion n.垫子;后腿肉;缓解 [<L mattress, 拉丁"腰,臀"a ~ against inflation 缓解通货膨胀的政策 The grass ~ed his fall 草坪缓和了他坠落时的撞积 pincushion(裁缝用)针垫

custody n.监护;保管 [L custodia<custos -odis guardian custodian管理人;看守人, after guardian]

cute a.聪明的;可爱的 [shortening of ACUTE敏锐的]

cyclopean a.巨大的 [独眼巨人 Cyclops(似)的;cyclopia(医)独眼畸形]

cynic n.愤世嫉俗;不信人间真情 [L cynicus<Gk kunikos<kuon kunos dog, nickname for a Cynic CYNICAL不相信人间有真情的 cynicism] [愤世嫉俗,讥嘲的习癖]

cynosure n.众人注目之的

[<Gk kunosoura dog’s tail, Ursa Minor<kuon kunos dog+oura tail cynosural 引人注意的 cynocephalous 似狗头的;似犬面的

cytology n.细胞学 [cyto-, cyt- 表"细胞"之义 cytologist 细胞学家 cytokinesis (细胞分裂时之) 细胞浆移动;原浆移动] [cytochrome 细胞色素 cytogenous 细胞合成的]

dabble v.涉足;浅赏 [16th c:<Du dabbelen or DAB (用)轻敲,轻抚,轻按,轻敷,轻扑(with)(又作 dab hand)(英口语)好手;高手],[ 专家(at)

dainty a.优美的;讲究的;好吃的 [AF dainte, OF daintie, deintie<L dignitas -tatis<dignus worthy]

dais n.讲台 [ME<OF deis<L discus disc, dish, in medL = table]

dally v.嬉戏;玩弄 [ME<OF dalier chat dalliance戏弄;荒唐度日]

dampen v.弄湿;使消沉;挫锐气

dandy n.好时髦的人;好打扮的 [18th c: perh orig = Andrew, in Jack-a-dandy dandified打扮得华丽的]

dangle v.悬摆 [16th c(imit): cf Sw dangla, Da dangle TANTALIZE逗弄]

dank a.阴湿的 [ME prob<Scand: cf Sw dank marshy spot]

dapple v.使起斑纹 [ME dappled, dappeld,(adj) dappled斑纹的,花的]

daredevil n.挺而走险的人;胆大的 [DARE大胆+DEVIL鬼]

dart v.投掷 [ME<OF darz, dars,<Frank]

dashing a.勇敢的;有活力的;华丽的 [DASH急冲;突进]

dastard n.懦夫 [dastardly 懦弱的;卑鄙的 das’tardliness(惯用法)dastardly 的狭义用法指懦弱的行为,广义用法指可]鄙 [行为]

daubster n.笨画匠 [(<L."涂石灰涂料")wattle and daub 拙劣的画 wattle 编枝条工艺 澳洲相思树]

daunt v.恐吓;使失去勇气 [ME<AF daunter, OF danter, donter<L domitare frequent of domare tame(undaunted不畏惧的)]

dauntless a.无所谓的;大胆的

dawdle v.怠惰;闲荡;浪费光阴 [perh rel to dial daddle, doddle idle a<人>没有工作的,不在工作的,闲散的 <时间>空的,闲着的 , dally] [浪费<时间>,蹉跎<时光>~ away the time 浪费时]

deadlock n.停顿;停滞 [DEAD+LOCK]

dearth n.缺乏;少 [ME, formed as DEAR]

debacle n.崩溃;瓦解 [(<F "开闩")]

debase v.贬低;降格 [DE-+obs base for ABASE]

debauch v.使堕落 [de+bauch(大梁BEAM)debauchery放荡,游荡;酒色]

debenture n.债券 [ME<L debentur are owing<debere owe: assim to -URE]

debilitate v.使衰弱;使虚弱 [L debilitare(DEBILITY)]

debonair a.和蔼的;快乐的 [ME<OF debonaire = de bon aire of good disposition]

debutante n.初入社交界的少女 [(进入社交界) DEBUT 初在舞台(社交界);初次登台 make one’s ~ 初次登台]

decadence n.衰弱;颓废 [F decadence<medL decadentia<decadere DECAY decadent衰退的,颓废派的;颓废派的艺术家]

decalogue n.十戒 [Decalogue deca十+logos 命令]

decamp v.撒营;逃走;逃亡 [F decamper(DE-, CAMP)]

decant v.慢慢倒出 [medL decanthare(DE-, L canthus<Gk kanthos canthus, used of the lip of a beaker)]

deceit n.欺;诈欺;虚伪;奸诈 [ME<OF<pp. of deceveir<L decipere deceive(DE-, capere take) DECEPTION.诈欺,瞒骗,迷惑,骗人的东西]

deciduous a.落叶性的 [L deciduus<decidere<cadere fall]

decimate v.毁掉大部分;由十中选一 [L decimare take the tenth man<decimus tenth]

decipher v.翻译;辨读;翻译密码

decompose v.分解(成分);腐烂 [F decomposer(DE-, COMPOSE)decomposition n]

decorum n.端正;礼貌合宜;礼节 [L, neut of decorus seemly DECORATION装饰;美化 DECOROUS符合礼节的;相称的]

decoy n.引诱物;诱饵 [<Du de kooi the decoy<de THE+kooi<L cavea cage]

decree n.v.法令;布告;判决 [ME<OF decre<L decretum neut pp. of decernere decide(DE-, cernere sift)]

decrepit a.衰老的;破旧的 [ME<L decrepitus(DE-, crepitus pp. of crepare creak)decrepitude衰老,老耄,老朽]

decry v.责难;轻视 [after F decrier: cf cry down]

dedicate v.奉献 [L dedicare(DE-, dicare declare, dedicate)]

deducible a.可推知的 [deduce(<L."往下引导")(从)演绎<结论、真理等>;推断,推测,推论(→ infer)L deducere (as DE-, ducere] [duct- lead)]

deed n.行为;契据;立契出让 [a ~ of covenant(经签名盖章的)条款,契据]

deem v.认为;视为 [OE deman<Gmc, rel to DOOM(常指坏的)命运;劫数;毁灭,死亡(上帝所下的)最后审判 注定()(to) ~ed to] [oblivion 注定被遗忘]

deface v.伤毁(外表或美观) [ME<F defacer<OF desfacier(DE-, FACE)]

defalcate v.盗用公款 [medL defalcare lop(DE-, L falx -cis sickle)]

defamation n.诽谤;中伤 [DEFAME ME<OF diffamer etc<L diffamare spread evil report(DIS-, fama report)]

default n.不履行责任;缺席 [ME<OF defaut(e)<defaillir fail<Rmc(DE-, L fallere deceive): cf FA]

defeatist a.失败主义者的 [defeatism 失败主义;失败主义的行动]

defect n.缺点;缺乏;背叛;脱离 [L defectus<deficere desert, fail(DE-, facere do) defection背离;背叛;脱党]

deference n.服从;尊重 [F deference(DEFER)]

defiant a.大胆反抗的;傲慢的 [a ~ stare 挑衅的瞪视]

defile v.弄脏;亵渎 [F defiler and defile pp.(DE-, FILE 锉刀;锉子 (the ~)修整,锉光;(对文章等的)润饰(纵)列]

definition n.定义;鲜明度;精确度 [E<OF<L definitio(DEFINE)]

deflate v.放气;通货紧缩

[DE-+INFLATE(<L."吹入")(以空气、气体等)使鼓起(经济)使<物价等>上涨;使<通货>膨胀 deflated 灰心丧气的

deflect v.使偏斜;使转向 [L deflectere(DE-, flectere flex- bend)deflection歪斜,偏;偏向]

defraud v.欺诈 [ME<OF defrauder or L defraudare(DE-, FRAUD 诈欺,欺骗 骗子 骗人的东西;伪品]

defunct a.死亡的;已倒闭的 [L defunctus dead, pp. of defungi(DE-, fungi perform)]

degenerate v.退步;衰败 [L degeneratus pp. of degenerare(DE-, genus -eris race)]

degrade v.降级;使堕落;使退化 [ME<OF degrader<ecclL degradare(DE-, L gradus step)degraded adj]

deign v.屈尊;俯允 [ME<OF degnier, deigner, daigner<L dignare, -ari deem worthy<dignus worthy]

deist n.奉自然神教者;理神论者 [<theos god DEISM (神)自然神教]

dejected a.沮丧的,灰心的

delegate n.代表;委派;委任 [ME<L delegatus(DE-, legare depute)]

deleterious a.有害的 [medL deleterius<Gk deleterios noxious delete删除]

deliberate a.深思熟虑的;故意的 [deliberatus pp. of deliberare(DE-, librare weigh<libra balance)]

delinquent a.n.怠忽职务的;流氓 [de+linqu同LINGER闲荡)DELICT犯罪 delinquency过失;失职]

delusion n.谬见;幻想 [ME<LL delusio(DELUDE)]

delve v.探究;查考;掘;凹下 [OE delfan<WG]

demagogue n.群众煽动家 [Gk demagogos<demos the people+agogos leading]

demean v.贬抑 [de+MEAN(<中OE "普通的")卑鄙的,下流的]

demeanor n.行为;风度 [misdemeanor 轻罪]

demesne n.领域;私有土地 [ME<AF, OF demeine(later AF demesne)belonging to a lord<L dominicus(DOMINICAL主的;基督的)]

demise n.死亡 [AF use of pp. of OF de(s)mettre DISMISS, in refl abdicate]

demolish v.破坏;粉碎;推翻(制度等) [F demolir<L demoliri(DE-, moliri molit- construct<moles mass)]

demotic a.民众的;通俗的 [Gk demotikos<demotes one of the people(demos)]

demur v.犹豫;抗议 [ME<OF demeure(n), demeurer(v)<Rmc(DE-, L morari delay)]

demure a.严肃的;端庄的 [ME, perh<AF demure<OF demore pp. of demorer remain, stay(DEMUR): infl by OF me <L maturus ripe]<[ 水果、谷物>成熟的 烂熟的;圆熟的

denigrate v.涂黑;玷辱 [L denigrare(DE-, nigrare<niger black)]

denizen n.居民;入籍者 [<L de from+intus within+-ein<L -aneus: -ANEOUS]

denomination n.名称 [E<OF denomination or L denominatio(DENOMINATE 命名,取名.a.有特定之名称的)]

denotation n.(明示的)意义;指示 [(反)connotation (常 ~s)言外之意,含蓄,暗示,涵义(逻辑)内涵]

denouement n.结局;终场 [DE-, L nodare<nodus KNOT结]

denounce v.攻击;揭发;通知废止 [ME<OF denoncier<L denuntiare(DE-, nuntiare make known<nuntius messenger)]

depict v.描述;叙述 [L depingere depict-(DE-, pingere paint)]

depilate v.去...之毛发 [L depilare(DE-, pilare<pilus hair)]

deplete v.使空虚;用尽 [L deplere(DE-, plere plet- fill)depletion n]

deplorable a.不幸的;可叹的

Unit 10

deploy v.散开;布置 [F deployer<L displicare(DIS-, plicare fold)& LL deplicare explain]

deposition n.证言;口供 [ME<OF<L depositio -onis<deponere: DEPOSIT存放;堆积;存款]

depravity n.腐败;邪恶 [DE-+obs pravity<L pravitas(DEPRAVE使腐败)]

deprecate v.驳斥;反对;乞求免去 [L deprecari(DE-, precari pray)]

depreciate v.跌价 [LL depretiare(DE-, pretiare<pretium price)]

depredation n.抢夺 [F depredation<LL depraedatio(DE-, praedatio -onis<L praedari plunder 掠夺,抢劫<人、地方等>~ a village] [抢劫村庄]

deracinate v.根除;灭绝;使隔绝 [DE-, racine <LL radicina dimin. of radix root)]

deranged a.疯狂的 [de+RANGE排列 DERANGEMENT精神错乱 derange 扰乱;使狂;使发狂]

derelict a.被弃的 [L derelictus pp. of derelinquere(DE-, relinquere=RELINGUISH放弃)]

deride v.嘲笑 [L deridere(DE-, ridere ris- laugh)derision嘲笑;愚弄]

dermatologist n.皮肤(病)学家 [s DERMATITIS+-LOGY]

derogatory a.贬抑的 [LL derogatorius DEROGATE v贬抑;毁损]

descant v.详论;絮说 [ME<OF deschant<medL discantus(DIS-, cantus song, CHANT)]

descend v.降;下来;减少;降低 [ME<OF descendre<L descendere(DE-, scandere climb)descendant子孙,后裔]

descry v.发现;远远看到 [<OF descrier: prob confused with var of obs descrive<OF descrivre DESCRIBE]

desecrate v.亵渎;弄污 [DE-+CONSECRATE奉献]

desiccate v.使干 [L desiccare(DE-, siccus dry)a ~d skin 干燥的皮肤 desiccator 2(化学)保干器,干燥器,防潮器]

desideratum n.所愿望之物 [L neut pp.: DESIDERATE渴望,希求 DE-, siderare as in CONSIDER]

desirable a.希望的;愿望的 [ME<OF(DESIRE)desirous愿望的,渴望的 undesirable不符心愿的;不良好的 The police had many] [requests to run the ~s out of town]

desolate a.v.荒芜的;孤独的;不安的 [ME<L desolatus pp. of desolare(DE-, solare<solus alone)]

despatch v.派遣;发送;调遣 [同dispatch(<意大利语"快走")急派<军队、特使等>(往),(处理等的)迅速;迅速的处理 with ~ 迅速地],[ 快速地,敏捷地

despicable a.可鄙的;卑劣的 [LL despicabilis<despicari(DE-, specere look at)]

despise v.轻视;蔑视 [<L despicere(DE-, specere look at)]

despoil v.夺取;抢劫 [ME<OF despoill(i)er<L despoliare(DE-, spoliare SPOIL战利品;奖品)]

despotic a.专制的

[(despot 的形容词)despot(<G."主人")专制君主,独裁者;暴君 despotic monarch 绝对君主 despotism 专制,专制政治;独裁制,暴政

despotism n.专制;暴政 [despotic adj]

destine v.指定;命运注定 [ME<F destiner<L destinare(DE-, stanare(unrecorded)settle<stare stand)]

destitute a.极端穷困的 [ME<L destitutus pp. of destituere forsake(DE-, statuere place)]

destruction n.破坏;灭亡;毁灭 [E<OF<L destructio -onis(DESTROY)]

desuetude n.废止;不用 [DE-, suescere suet- be accustomed]

desultory a.散漫的;随便的 [DE-, salt- pp. stem of salire leap跳跃]

detachment n.分离;分遣;分遣队;超然 [detachement DETACH 分离 detached分离的;公平的]

deter v.阻止;拦住 [L deterrere(DE-, terrere frighten)deterrent 防止,挽留;妨碍物 determent 制止(物)]

detergent n.清洁剂 [L detergere(DE-, tergere ters- wipe擦拭)]

deteriorate v.变化;恶化 [LL deteriorare deteriorat-<L deterior worse]

detour n.绕路;便道;绕路而行 [F detour change of direction<detourner turn away(DE-, TURN)]

detraction n.诽谤 [de+tract拉+ion detractor贬低者 DETRACT 去掉;损伤,损坏;转移注意;责难]

devastate v.使荒废;破坏 [L devastare devastat-(DE-, vastare lay waste)]

deviate v.逸出正轨;违背

[LL deviare deviat-(DE-, via way) deviant a.越轨的;反常的n.异常者,变态者 deviance 异常;逸出正轨; 偏差

devious a.不正当的;迂回 [L devius<DE-+via way]

devoid a.缺乏的 [ME, pp. of obs devoid<OF devoidier(DE-, VOID 毫无()的;缺少()的(of) a ~ space 空间;(物理)真空]

devolve v.委任;移交 [ME<L devolvere devolut-(DE-, volvere roll)]

devotion n.献身;专心热爱;祈祷 [ME<OF devotion or L devotio(DEVOTE)]

devour v.吃光;毁灭;吞没;使着迷 [ME<OF devorer<L devorare(DE-, vorare swallow)]

devout a.虔敬的 [ME<OF devot<L devotus pp.(DEVOTE)]

dexterity n.灵巧;机敏;用惯右手的人 [F dexterite<L dexteritas(DEXTER)dexterous adj]

diabolical a.残酷的 [diabolic 恶魔(一样)的,魔鬼性格的 diabolatry 魔鬼崇拜]

diadem n.王冠;王位 [ME<OF diademe<L diadema<Gk diadema(DIA-, deo bind)]

dialectic n.辩证法;逻辑 [<Gk dialektike(tekhne)(art)of debate(DIALECT方言)]

diaphanous a.透明的;澄清的 [medL diaphanus<Gk diaphanes(DIA-, phaino show)PHANTOM幽灵;幻影]

diatribe n.恶骂;非难 [<L diatriba<Gk diatribe spending of time, discourse<diatribo(DIA-, tribo rub)]

dichotomy n.两半;二分法;对生 [modL dichotomia<Gk dikhotomia<dikho- apart+-TOMY]

dictate v.听写;口述;命令;指挥 [L dictare dictat- frequent of dicere dict- say dictator n]

dictum n.格言;权威的断言 [L, = neut pp. of dicere say]

didactic a.教诲的;教训的 [Gk didaktikos<didasko teach DID-ACT-IC]

diffidence n.羞怯;谦虚 [(反)confidence 信任,信赖(in)自信(in)]

diffuse v.扩散;普及;散开 [ME<F diffus or L diffusus extensive(DIS-, fusus pp. of fundere pour)diffusion n]

digression n.离题;扯到枝节上;脱轨 [L digredi digress-(DI-, gradi walk)digress v.走向岔道, 离开本题(主题), 扯到枝节上]

dilapidation n.倒塌;毁坏 [ME<LL dilapidatio(DILAPIDATE 使<建筑物>荒废,使<汽车等>毁坏 变为荒废,变破旧 DI-, lapis] [lapid- stone]

dilate v.扩大;膨胀 [ME<OF dilater<L dilatare spread out(DI-, latus wide)]

dilatory a.不慌不忙的 [LL dilatorius(DI-, dilat- pp. stem of differre DEFER)<DELAY耽搁]

dilemma n.左右为难的状况 [L<Gk(DI-, lemma premiss)]

dilettante n.业余的艺术爱好者 [It<pres part of dilettare delight<L delectare]

dilute v.稀释;冲淡 [L diluere dilut-(DI-, luere wash)]

diluvial a.洪水的 [LL diluvialis<diluvium DELUGE(<L."冲走")大水灾,洪水,泛滥;豪雨]

diminution n.减少;变小 [ME<OF<L diminutio - onis(DIMINISH)]

din n.噪声;闹音 [OE dyne, dynn, dynian<Gmc]

dingy a.昏暗的;肮脏的 [perh ult<OE dynge DUNG(牛、马等的)粪便;水肥]

dint n.力量 [ME<OE dynt, and partly<cogn ON dyntr]

dipsomaniac n.酗酒狂之人 [k dipso-<dipsa thirst+-MANIA]

dire a.可怕的;悲惨的 [L dirus =direful 可怕的;悲惨的]

dirge n.丧曲;挽歌 [ME<L dirige(imper)direct, the first word in the Latin antiphon(from Ps 5:8)in the Matins part of the Office for] [the Dead]

disabuse v.解惑;矫正

disagreeable a.讨厌的事 [E<OF desagreable(DIS-, AGREEABLE令人愉快的;宜人的,和蔼可亲的,悦人的,讨人喜欢]

disarray v.杂乱

disastrous a.灾害的;悲惨的 [orig ’unfavourable aspect of a star’,<F desastre or It disastro(DIS-, astro<L astrum star)disaster n]

discernible a.可辨别的 [ME<OF discerner<L(DIS-, cernere cret- separate)discernment 眼光;洞察力 discern 分别,识别;找出; 识],[领悟]

discharge v.发射;免职;放电;卸货 [ME<OF descharger(DIS-, CHARGE)]

disclaim v.否认;放弃权利 [ME<AF desclaim- stressed stem of desclamer(DIS-, CLAIM)]

discomfit v.挫败;使混乱

[ME<disconfit<OF pp. of desconfire<Rmc(DIS-, L conficere put together: CONFECTION)discomfiture n 失败;狼狈

disconcert v.妨碍;破坏;使张惶失措 [obs F desconcerter(DIS-, CONCERT一致)]

disconsolate a.哀伤的 [ME<medL disconsolatus(DIS-, consolatus pp. of L consolari console安慰)]

discordant a.不调和的;不一致的 [ME<OF, part of discorder: DISCORD]

discredit v.丧失名誉

discreet a.慎重的;谨慎的

[<L discretus separate(DIS-, cretus pp. of cernere sift), with LL sense<its derivative discretio discernment 辨别;看清楚

discrete a.各别的;不关连的 [ME<L discretus: DISCREET小心的;慎重的]

discretion n.谨慎;斟酌办理 [ME<OF<L discretio -onis(DISCREET小心的;慎重的)]

discursive a.散漫的;无层次的 [medL discursivus<L discurrere discurs-(DIS-, currere run)]

disdain v.鄙视;不屑做 [ME<OF desdeign(ier)ult<L dedignari(DE-, dignari<dignus worthy)]

disenfranchise v.剥夺...之公民权 [enfranchise给予<人>参政(选举)权 解放<奴隶等>,使成为自由民;免除的法律义务]

disgruntle v.使不悦;使不满 [IS-+gruntle obs frequent of GRUNT<猪>咕噜<人>哼,喃喃发怨言 ~ in discontent 不满而发哼声 give a] [~ of discontent 咕噜地抱怨]

disguise n.v.伪装;隐藏;欺骗 [ME<OF desguis(i)er(DIS-, GUISE (in a ┅ ~)(为欺骗人而伪装的)外 观,样子 (in the ~ of) 服装,装扮] [(under the ~ of) 假装;借口]

dishabille n.便装 [habilatory 服装的;衣服的 habilimentation 服装;衣服]

disheveled a.凌乱的;不整洁的

disinclined a.不愿的

disingenuous a.不诚恳的;虚伪的 [dis+INGENUOUS (反)innocent]

disinterested a.公正的;无私的 [pp. of disinterest(v)divest of interest]

disjointed a.脱节的;杂乱的 [DIS-, jungere junct- join)]

dislodge v.逐出;使移动;驱逐 [ME<OF dislog(i)er(DIS-, LODGE(<古法语"小屋")(暂时)住宿,投宿]

dismal a.阴暗的 [orig noun = unlucky days: ME<AF dis mal<medL dies mali two days in each month held to be unpropitious]

dismember v.分裂;瓜分 [ME<OF desmembrer<Rmc(DIS-, L membrum limb)]

disparage v.轻视;抑贬 [ME<OF desparagier marry unequally(DIS-, parage equality of rank ult<L par equal)]

disparate a.不相干的 [L disparatus separated(DIS-, paratus pp. of parare prepare), infl in sense by L dispar unequal]

disparity n.不同;悬殊 [F disparite<LL disparitas -tatis(DIS-, PARITY(量、质、价值等)同等,等价,等量,同率,平等 ~ of treatment] [同等待遇]

dispassionate a.冷静的;公平的

dispersion n.散布;分散 [ME<LL dispersio(DISPERSE), transl Gk diaspora: DIASPORA 犹太人的离散;离散的犹太人]

dispirited a.沮丧的;无精打采的

disport v.嬉戏;玩乐 [ME<AF & OF desporter(DIS-, porter carry<L portare)]

disposed a.愿意;想干

disposition n.性质;气质;整理;让与 [E<OF<L dispositio(DIS-, ponere posit- place)]

dispossessed a.被剥夺财产的

disputatious a.好议论的 [disputant adj&n争论者;争论的]

disquisition n.论文;专题演讲 [F<L disquisitio(DIS-, quaerere quaesit- seek)]

disreputable a.名誉不好的

dissection n.分析;解剖

dissemble v.隐藏;假装 [ME, alt after semblance of obs dissimule<OF dissimuler<L dissimulare(DIS-, SIMULATE 假装的样子],[ 伪装(生物)拟态

disseminate v.散布;传播 [L disseminare(DIS-, semen -inis seed)]

dissension n.冲突;纷争 [ME<OF<L dissensio(DIS-, sentire sens- feel)]

dissertation n.论文 [L dissertatio<dissertare discuss, frequent of disserere dissert- examine(DIS-, serere join)]

dissident a.不赞成者 [F or<L dissidere disagree(DIS-, sedere sit)]

dissimulate v.假装;掩饰 [L dissimulare(DIS-, SIMULATE假装的样子,伪装;拟态]

dissipate v.浪费 [L dissipare dissipat-(DIS-, sipare(unrecorded)throw)dissipated 沉迷于酒色的;闲游浪荡的]

dissolute a.放荡的;不道德的 [ME<L dissolutus pp. of dissolvere DISSOLVE溶解;解散]

dissonance n.不和谐(音) [ME<OF dissonant or L dissonare(DIS-, sonare sound)]

dissuade v.劝阻;阻止 [L dissuadere(DIS-, suadere suas- persuade)]

distaff n.女性;妇女 [OE dist’f(STAFF), the first element being app rel to LG diesse, MLG dise(ne)bunch of flax]

distend v.扩张;膨胀 [ME<L distendere(DIS-, tendere tens- stretch)distension 膨胀]

distill v.蒸馏;滴下

distinction n.差别;特性;高贵;名誉 [E<OF<L distinctio -onis(DISTINGUISH)]

distort v.扭曲;变成 [L distorquere distort-(DIS-, torquere twist)]

distrait a.心不在焉的 [ME<OF destrait pp. of destraire(DISTRACT转移;分心)]

distraught a.心神分散的 [ME, alt of obs distract(adj)(DISTRACT), after straught obs pp. of STRETCH伸展;张开;一口气]

distress n.苦恼;贫苦;扣押 [ME<OF destresse etc, AF destresser, OF -ecier<Gallo-Roman(DISTRAIN扣押 ~ upon a person’s goods for] [rent 扣押某人的货物抵 偿租金]

disturbance n.骚动 [E<OF destorbance(DISTURB)]

diurnal a.每日的;昼间的 [ME<LL diurnalis<L diurnus<dies day]

diva n.歌剧中的首席女主角 [It<L, = goddess]

diverge v.分歧;差异 [medL divergere(DI-, L vergere incline)divergence,-cy n]

divers a.不同的;种种的 [ME<OF<L diversus DIVERSE(DI-, versus pp. of vertere turn)]

diverse a.不同的;互异的;种种的 [ME(DIVERS)diversity]

divertissement n.消遣;娱乐 [F,<divertiss- stem of divertir(<F ’diversion’)娱乐,消遣 DIVERT转移]

divest v.脱去;剥除 [earlier devest<OF desvestir etc(DIS-, L vestire<vestis garment)divestment=divestiture剥夺]

dividend n.被除数;利息;红利 [AF dividende<L dividendum a high (low) ~ 高额 (低额) 股息(DIVIDE(<L."分离")把<东西>(切割而])[分],分割<up> 除以<某数>(by)

divination n.预言;先知 [ME<OF divination or L divinatio(DIVINE神的;神圣的)]

docile a.听话的;温顺的 [ME<L docilis<docere teach]

dock n.船坞;码头;被告席;裁减 [ME, of uncert orig]

docket n.诉讼事件表 [docker 码头工人,船坞工人 (longshoreman)]

dodge v.躲开;逃避责任 [~ a blow 迅速闪避打击 ~ one’s responsibility 逃避责任]

doff v.脱;除去 [ME, = do off]

doggerel n.拙劣的诗;打油诗 [ME, app<DOG: cf -REL DOGGERY狗性]

dole n.悲哀;赈济品 [doleful悲哀的;寂寞的;阴沉的]

dolorous a.悲伤的;忧愁的 [ME<OF doleros<LL dolorosus(DOLOUR)]

dolt n.笨拙之人;傻瓜 [app related to dol, dold, obs var of DULL doltish adj愚蠢的;愚钝的]

domain n.领土;领域;私人所有地 [ME<F domaine, OF demeine DEMESNE, assoc with L dominus lord]

domicile n.家;住所 [ME<OF<L domicilium<domus home]







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